This has been a question that has plagued mankind since the beginning of time.  The simple answer is that you take a magnet and put it near something with iron in it and – Hey, Presto! – it works.

Well, that’s not really how they work.  OK, so I guess that is how they work so the better question is why they work.  This has been a question that I have also been pondering for many years, and now, with access to all of the great minds in the world – thanks to the Internet – I can answer that age old question.
Here’s how magnets work:

All objects contain atoms, and these atoms contain electrons that move around in orbits with a certain spin. The movement of any electron in this manner creates a tiny magnetic field. However, most electrons in atoms exist in pairs. Atoms of magnetic materials contain unpaired electrons with the…

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